Core Vaccines For Cats
These vaccinations are so important we recommend them for every feline patient.
All cats, even indoor only cats need to be vaccinated! Viruses live in the environment around your home and can be transported by air or
brought into your house on your shoes or clothing.
Rabies - Rabies is a disease that can infect both animals and humans! For this reason, every state in the US has laws requiring that cats receive Rabies vaccinations and remain continuously vaccinated by a licensed veterinarian for their entire life. The mortality rate for cats that contract the rabies virus is 100%, meaning every cat that contracts rabies and nearly 100% of humans that contract the rabies virus will die within 4-6 days. This fact, along with the fact that rabies can be passed on to humans, is why the vaccine is mandatory by law. Rabies is passed on when the saliva from a rabid animal gets into an open wound or the body’s soft, damp areas (eyes, nose or mouth). This usually occurs through a bite, open wound or scratch from the infected animal but can also be contracted by exposure through mucus membranes such as the gums of the mouth or the conjunctiva of the eyes. There are many wild animals, (bats, racoons, skunks, foxes and opossums) that can carry the rabies virus. If rabies enters the body, it attacks the brain and spinal cord. There is no effective treatment for rabies. This is why it is so important to vaccinate your pet against this terrible disease.
FVRCP – Commonly called “distemper” protects your cat from these airborne diseases that can be contracted by cats of any age:
FVR – Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis: Rhinotracheitis is an upper respiratory herpes virus and causes fever, sneezing, a runny nose and eyes. Kittens can be severely affected and develop oral and corneal ulcers. Chronic infection can also occur since it is a herpes virus.
C – Calicivirus: Calicivirus causes similar clinical signs as Rhinotracheitis and usually infects the oral cavity, causing sneezing, runny nose and oral ulcers. Some strains of virus may cause pneumonia. Unless a secondary bacterial infection develops, there is no specific treatment for calicivirus. Your cat can get either rhinotracheitis or calicivirus from the sneezes of a sick cat or if you come in contact with a sick cat and then pet your cat, you may inadvertently spread the virus.
P – Panleukopenia: Panleukopenia effects the gastrointestinal, immune, and nervous systems. The Panleukopenia virus is present almost everywhere in the environment and most cats are exposed to it at some point in their lives. Kittens and unvaccinated cats are at particular risk after ingesting the virus, which attacks the rapidly dividing cells in their bone marrow and intestinal tract, resulting in severe vomiting, diarrhea and dehydration that can be fatal.
“Non-Core” vaccine we may recommend depending on your cat’s lifestyle:
Feline Leukemia (FELV): Is one of the most common infectious diseases in cats and any cat can be a carrier, passing he virus to other cats. The virus is shed in saliva, nasal secretions, urine and feces. Cat-to-cat transfer of the virus can happen from bite wounds or even mutual grooming. We recommend this vaccine for any cats that will be outdoors.